Born in Aleksandrovsk (now Zaporizhzhe, Ukraine) in 1892.
From 1908 she lived in St. Petersburg.
Between 1910 and 1914 she studied under Nicholas Roerich and Ivan Bilibin at the school of the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts.
In 1913 Shchekatikhina-Pototskaya took classes from Maurice Denis and Felix Valloton at the Académie Ranson of Paris.
From 1915 she contributed to the ‘World of Art’ shows and later joined the ‘World of Art’ movement.
Between 1918 and 1923 Shchekatikhina-Pototskaya worked at the Petrograd State Porcelain Factory (the Lomonosov Porcelain Factory).
In 1923 at the invitation of Ivan Bilibin she left for Egypt where she became his wife.
From 1925 to 1936 lived in Paris.
Engaged in painting, graphic works and book and stage design but was especially famous for her porcelain designs.
Died in Leningrad in 1967.