Born in Vienna, Austria, in 1886.
He lived in Berlin from 1900.
Together with Richard Huelsenbeck and Franz Jung, Hausmann founded the Berlin Dada group in 1918. Within that group he engaged in phonetic poetry and photomontage that he is credited with inventing.
With the end of the Dada period in the 1920s Hausmann did research into optophonetics and wrote an autobiographical novel, which he finished in 1955.
In the 1930s Hausmann concentrated on photography, undertaking research into this field.
In 1944 he moved to Limoge, where he continued to experiment with photomontage and sound poetry. He took up painting in the 1960s.
Hausmann died in Limoge in 1971.